All You Need to Know About PCOS

According to recent statistics, about 18% of Indian women suffer from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS. A report in The Hindu says that the majority of the women suffering from PCOS belong to the eastern side of our country. Based on a pan India sample study on 27,411 women, done over a period of 18 months, 4,824 or 17.6% women were found to face the risk of PCOS.

This increasing trend is more predominant in the child bearing age group of 15 to 30 years.“One out of every 10 Indian women have polycystic ovary syndrome,” said Dr. Duru Shah, Founder President, PCOS Society, in an interview to DNA India in September 2015.

“Undiagnosed PCOS can lead to infertility and in long term can cause several health complications which can be attributed to other factors as well,” Dr. Sonali Kolte, General Manager Medico Marketing, Metropolis Healthcare, said in an interview with The Hindu in September 2015.

Most of the cases go unnoticed because of lack of knowledge and ignorance to some extent. Here are a few things that one should know about PCOS for an early diagnosis and better treatment from the best gynecologist in Bangalore.

What is PCOS?

PCOS is a state in which a woman’s estrogen and progesterone levels are in a state of imbalance. This hormonal imbalance leads to the growth of an ovarian cyst, causing problems in a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility and other such basic reproductive functions.

Causes

The exact causes of PCOS are yet to be discovered but scientists believe that genetic and hormonal imbalance plays a major role. Chances are that if your mother or sister has the condition, then it might be passed onto you as well.

Another factor is overproduction of the hormone androgen, a male sex hormone that a woman’s body also produces. This higher production of androgen leads to difficulty in the development and release of eggs during ovulation.

Symptoms

The severity of the symptoms varies from person to person. Some of the major symptoms are:

  • irregular menstrual periods
  • Excess body hair especially on face, chest, stomach, etc.
  • decrease in breast size
  • deeper voice
  • weight gain
  • pelvic pain
  • anxiety and depression

Treatment

It is advisable to visit a gynecologist as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms. Some of the best gynecologists in Bangalore offer effective treatment to bring the symptoms under control. There is no curative treatment, although the symptoms can be controlled to a large extent.

A healthy diet and regular physical exercise is best to lower the blood glucose levels and to regulate the menstrual cycle. But it is always better to consult the best gynecologists in Bangalore who can prescribe suitable anti-androgens to treat the excess androgen production in the body.

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