Legionnaire’s Disease: Knowing the Symptoms and Causes

Legionnaire’s disease is a type of pneumonia which is caused by bacteria called as legionella. It is a disease which causes acute respiratory infection. This was recognized in the year of 1976. In this disease person suffers from dry cough, lack of balance, vomiting, fever, stiffs joints and necks, headaches, loss of appetite and some other problems.

Legionnaire disease affects the lungs and the legionnaires disease bacteria can also cause a less severe flu like condition known as Pontiac fever. Do you know how do you get these conditions? People usually get legionnaires disease and Pontiac fever when they breathe in a mist.

If you are having weak immune system then there are more chances of infecting with legionnaire disease. Pontiac fever generally occurs in otherwise healthy people. Pontiac fever is a less serious influenza in comparison with legionnaire diseases.

legionnaires-disease

Causes of Legionnaire’s Disease

The bacteria legionella is mainly responsible for the cause of legionnaire disease and Pontiac fever and lead to pneumonia. Not every person exposed to legionella bacteria will fall ill, Pontiac fever goes away without any specific treatment. Legionella usually live in warm fresh water which is distributed in some locations as:

  • Showers
  • Hot tubs
  • Humidifiers
  • Fountains, vegetable misters
  • Swimming pools, lakes, ponds

It has been revealed that Legionnaire disease thrives in stagnant water and cannot spread from person to person directly. Generally people get infected by inhaling water droplets that is contaminated with the bacteria. So it is important to make the environment healthy and hygienic as much as possible to prevent the disease.

Symptoms of Legionnaire’s Disease

The most common symptoms of Pontiac fever are muscle aches and fever which usually appears two to five days after a person is exposed to the bacteria. And the common symptoms of legionnaire disease include-

  • High fever which can range from 102 to 104 degrees
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Severe headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breathe

All these symptoms of legionnaire’s disease usually begin 3 to 14 days after being exposed to the bacteria. So you must take care about all these symptoms and take preventive measures to prevent from legionnaire’s disease.

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